White papers

A set of FIRE white Papers is available for download in PDF format on the sections below:

White Papers from the FIRE STUDY project

Drivers Transforming Next Generation Internet Research and Experimentation


In a world where competitive economies are increasingly dependent on innovative application of information and communication technologies, and where changes in technology and culture are happening rapidly, Europe must remain at the forefront of the Next Generation Internet (NGI).

Experimentation is now driving the evolution of the Internet. Europe’s public investment policy must foster the creation of vibrant experimentation ecosystems that are supported by the research and development of open experimentation platforms that engage citizens and companies in finding solutions, activating business markets, and addressing important societal challenges.

The topics in this white paper are summarized as follow:

  • Why experimentation is a key element of the Next Generation Internet
  • European ecosystem experimentation impacts
  • Drivers transforming the Next Generation Internet experimentation; and
  • Policy recommendations for Next Generation Internet experimentation.

Download the white paper.

White Papers from the AmpliFIRE project

A Synthesis of AmpliFIRE’s Findings 2013 – 2015

The AmpliFIRE Coordination and Support Action is articulating the potential for future Internet experimentation and innovation for the coming decade. Until end of 2015, AmpliFIRE offers a platform for the communities of researchers, developers and advanced users to shape and validate this vision. This White Paper concisely presents results of AmpliFIRE’s “FIRE Radar” initiative which looks at the changes, challenges and scenarios shaping FIRE’s future, identifies a future vision of FIRE towards 2020, and proposes a strategy and roadmap for implementing this vision.
The “FIRE Radar” consists of three elements.
1. A scenario-based FIRE vision for 2020 has been developed, which was reviewed at forums and through interviews with individual stakeholders;
2. AmpliFIRE proposed a strategy for FIRE’s future evolution in realizing the vision; and
3. AmpliFIRE proposes a Roadmap of actions and milestones towards 2020.

Supporting the FIRE Radar, AmpliFIRE has produced a series of reports addressing underlying issues such as:
– The capabilities of FIRE;
– Future experimenter demands;
– Collaboration models; and
– New service concepts.
This White Paper presents a concise synthesis of our insights making use of all available results of AmpliFIRE to date. Download PDF


The objective of the FIRE Roadmap is to identify how FIRE can move forward via a series of key developments and milestones to achieve the advancements in testbed facilities and services that will create a state of the art ecosystem for future experimental research; this roadmap is influenced by emerging trends in two dimensions:

The technology trends layer observes important research and experiment directions that will directly influence FIRE moving forward. FIRE as a programme must remain useful to the research and technology communities; these emerging trends are collected from recent material regarding state of the art research in Future Internet technologies (including the AmpliFIRE radar).

The Future Internet landscape layer observes broader trends that FIRE could and in many cases must align with to achieve objectives, e.g., providing experimental support to Smart Cities and 5G researchers. These are identifiable by large research programmes both in Europe and globally. It is important to identify that FIRE exists within an EC programme, and the Future Internet Landscape is largely driven by EC policy and strategy; and hence, solutions must be aware of this ecosystem. This also means that while knowledge about 2014-2018 exists; 2018-2020 is largely unknown. Download PDF


FIRE is extending its focus in new directions, into domains such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Smart Cities, and end-to-end use of future technologies such as 5G. As FIRE originated in research and experimentation for the domain of networking technologies, this evolution towards new experimental settings and user environments also brings new methodological challenges and requirements. This is the reason that on 24th March 2015, AmpliFIRE organised a workshop to explore the requirements and challenges of methodologies to be employed when experimentation is to be offered as a service in these new areas. The workshop discussed methodology approaches both from selected FIRE projects active in the networking domain as well as from some of the new FIRE projects in areas such as Internet of Things. This short paper concisely elaborates on some of the themes discussed and makes recommendations regarding the exploitation of common tools and approaches. The objective of this paper is not to provide an in-depth and complete overview and analysis of FIRE methodologies. Rather the objective is to increase awareness within the FIRE community of the importance of new developments and directions regarding FIRE methodologies and their potential role in experimentally driven research and innovation for the Future Internet. Download PDF


The perspective of FIRE as “the research, development and innovation environment for the Future Internet” and as “an accelerator”, promoted in AmpliFIRE’s strategy documents, invites to identify more concretely the technologies and application domains on which FIRE should focus in the future. Starting with an assessment of the current scope of FIRE as visible in the current portfolio of facility and research projects, this White Paper presents a concise overview and evaluation of the relevance of such domains for FIRE. Download PDF

The new White Paper on FIRE Value Proposition was developed in the AmpliFIRE project, as a starting point to clarify the value added of FIRE as a program and towards a range of collaboration opportunities. The paper describes the value added of collaboration of FIRE other initiatives in related domains such as the 5G PPP, Internet of Things, Smart Cities, and Future Internet PPP.Download PDF

This new White Paper concisely presents results of AmpliFIRE’s “Radar” initiative which looks at the changes, challenges and scenarios shaping FIRE’s future, identifies a future vision of FIRE towards 2020, and proposes a strategy and roadmap for implementing this vision. This White Paper emphasizes a set of objectives for FIRE’s evolution for the short, mid and long term and proposes a roadmap of concrete activities and solutions. It is for an input to the consultation in the Work Programme 2016-2017, it will be discussed in various upcoming meetings. Download PDF

The objective of FIRE is to provide state of the art experimental facilities to drive research and innovation in Future Internet technologies. But how should FIRE evolve to meet the changing technology landscape? What must the future of FIRE look like? To help support strategic decision making along the way, one must understand how the drivers for change and the uncertainties about the environment will affect the outcome.
In this white paper we apply a Scenario Planning methodology to FIRE resulting in the four scenarios that constitute the planning axis. Scenario Planning is a collaborative decision making and planning tool for imagining such possible futures: examining the effect of multiple uncertainties. However, most importantly “Scenario Planning simplifies the avalanche of data into a limited number of states”; this is especially important for FIRE which seeks strategy input from a wide community — such scenario planning gives them a frame of reference for their valuable feedback regarding the strategic decisions made with regards to FIRE’s future.
We conclude with an analysis of the strength and weaknesses of the approach, before identifying how the scenarios can be applied to the wider strategy and roadmap activities the AmpliFIRE project is carrying. Download PDF

The Future Internet Research and Experimentation Initiative (FIRE) strategy development, grounded in a vision and mission, is based on understanding the uncertainties surrounding FIRE and identifying (and nurturing) the various future options available. The role of the FIRE strategy process is not to prescribe a rigid course of action. FIRE strategy comprises different aspects important for collaboration models such as service provision, facility development, funding base, knowledge base development, customer strategy, and internationalization.
This white paper focuses on the overall aspect of FIRE collaboration models as such part of a wider activity within the AmpliFIRE Support Action, including the definition and conceptualisation of collaboration models for the FIRE community. The aim of this White Paper is to explore and elaborate on collaboration models for FIRE ecosystem as part of the development of the FIRE strategy towards 2020. Download PDF

The FIRE (Future Internet Research and Experimentation) initiative was founded by the European Commission (EC) in order to create a multidisciplinary research environment to be used for experimental validation and to facilitate experimentally-supported research in the field of innovative (Internet) networking and services. Part of the work that is done within FIRE is on making available flexible testbeds that can be used to evaluate Future Intern solutions. In FIRE, “experimenters” is term that is often used to refer to the people that are using these testbeds to evaluate their solutions. The experimenters should not be confused with the “FIRE users”, who are the people that eventually will be using the Future Internet solutions.
In this white paper, it is argued that there is no such thing as “the experimenter”. Through literature study of existing documents on experimenter requirements and by interviewing (possible future) experimenter groups, this white paper makes an initial analysis of the requirements of different (possibly future) experimenters. This analysis is useful to help tailoring the current FIRE offer and FIRE mechanisms to further increase the relevance of FIRE. Among other things, it is found that FIRE is already very relevant in the academic research world today, and that clear value propositions and new funding mechanisms are likely to lead to an increased interest in FIRE. Download PDF

This White Paper explains technology transfer and incubation models, showing how the FIRE community could benefit from partnering with incubators, proposing actions and calendar.
Technology transfer offices help translating research results into economic value, allowing to exploit those results and technologies into new products, applications, services, etc. Incubators and accelerators support entrepreneurs to get their idea into a concrete, viable and successful startup. Some incubators are specialized in the ICT industry.
The Horizon 2020 focuses more than ever on making Europe more competitive, by spreading research into industry and most of all, through SMEs. The Future Internet community counts nearly 700 organisations and around € 870 million of investments. In this context, SMEs and SME clusters would be interested in knowing the available FIRE offer and capabilities, e.g., to provide “better services at a lower cost”, to reduce their time to market, etc. FIRE can offer both testing capacity as well as new relations and partnerships for sustainable business growth….
Incubators and clusters could be a great channel to attract more SMEs and startups, convince them of using FIRE facilities and enhancing the community of users. And the EBN (European Business Network) community could be a great facilitator in this respect. Two existing experiences are exposed in this Paper, giving lessons learnt and some good practices: Botnia Living Lab and iMinds. But potential challenges might be considered. Download PDF

Research and innovation are key elements of the European research framework programmes to achieve European competitiveness in the world. Europe is promoting fundamental research to practical product innovation over number of years to stimulate the development of new products and services, which will lead to economic growth.

An important enabler of research and innovation in practical terms is the provision of European Future Internet Research and Experimentation (FIRE) facilities. The initiative started in Framework programme 6 (FP6) with funding number of testbeds developed for different technologies and have evolved in the provision of multiple federated testbeds and experimental facilities in FP7 programme. This white paper will provide an overview of this evolution leading to the next level challenges to meet the users’ requirements and possible approaches. Download PDF

The objective of this white paper is to develop the outline of a strategy for realizing the FIRE 2020 vision. The strategy outline is based on earlier results of a FIRE vision and scenario building exercise. The current paper is part of a wider activity within the AmpliFIRE Support Action, including a scanning and assessment of trends and developments related to FIRE, further detailing the vision and scenarios, elaborating and refining the strategy, and acquiring inputs from the wider FIRE community for validating the strategy. This FIRE strategy also will provide feedback to FIRE vision building and scenarios. Download PDF

The goal of this “FIRE Radar” exercise and document is to sketch the landscape or ecosystem for future internet exploration and experimentation in the years 2015 to 2020, the years in which Horizon 2020 will focus most of its energies. In this landscape we will describe some visions of technologies, services and applications. We explore the ways in which a future FIRE portfolio of experimental facilities can evolve to support the research that can make the visions possible and contribute to their realization in everyday use. AmpliFIRE is an FP7 support action, continuing much of the work previously done by FIRE Station, but the FIRE Radar differs from past efforts in that it provides a range of visions, discusses the gaps that must be bridged to reach them from the present portfolio, and describes the changes in mission and philosophy that will affect the FIRE program in the coming decade. Download PDF

White papers from the other FIRE projects

New media applications and services are revolutionising social interaction and user experience in both society and in wide ranging industry sectors. The rapid emergence of pervasive human and environment sensing technologies, novel immersive presentation devices and high performance, globally connected network and cloud infrastructures is generating huge opportunities for application providers, service provider and content providers. These new applications are driving convergence across devices, clouds, networks and services, and the merging of industries, technology and society. Yet the developers of such systems face many challenges in understanding how to optimise their solutions (Quality of Service ? QoS) to enhance user experience (Quality of Experience ? QoE) and how their disruptive innovations can be introduced into the market with appropriate business models. In this report, we present the results of a new multi?disciplinary collaborative approach to product and service innovation that brings together users, technology and live events in a series of experiments conducted in real world settings. Through experimentation we have explored a broad range of technical, societal and economic challenges faced by technology providers each aiming to create and exploit new multimedia value chains in markets such as leisure and tourism, cultural and heritage, and sports science and training. The experiments highlight the features of multimedia systems and the future opportunities for companies, as the Internet continues to transition towards the increasingly connected world of Internet of Things and Big Data. We know that putting user values at the heart of design decisions and evaluation is the key to success, and that long term benefits to providers of technology, services and content must derive from enhanced user experience. Engaging users in real?world settings to co?design and assess how technology can be used is now more important than testing how technology will be operated. We have only scratched the surface of possibility in novel networked multimedia systems yet we believe that the individual and collective results in the report are significant as they are grounded in real?world evidence. A new way of conducting research and innovation has been created that maximises the potential for commercial exploitation and societal impact. We think this is extremely important and when adopted will lead to greater benefits for all.

More information & download on the University of Southampton web-site.

The ECO2Clouds project develops techniques and mechanisms for CO2 aware deployment and management of workloads on federated Clouds. The project adopts an iterative development approach involving three key phases namely Measure, Create and Test-on-FIRE. The first phase focuses on quantification of energy consumption and environmental impact of Cloud computing, the second phase develops techniques and software artefacts to help realise awareness of the environmental impact of Cloud computing and improvements in the reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions, and the third phase tests the outcome of previous two phases on an existing FIRE facility known as BonFIRE. The ECO2Clouds solution promises multidimensional benefits for Cloud users, researchers, commercial enterprises as well as environment and society. Download PDF

White papers from the FIRE Architecture Board workshops

A White Paper has been produced to introduce the topic of Measurement & Benchmarking and to invite comments. White Paper on Benchmarking computers and computer networks (PDF) (August 2011)

For persons interested in tools for brokering resources between federated testbeds, the report from the Architecture Board workshop on the topic has been updated. Resource Brokering Tools report (PDF) (April 2011)

FIREworks (2008-2010) White Papers

FIREworks publishes a white paper on the existence of experimentally-driven research methodology. The paper attempts to scope the area of experimentally driven research by proposing a methodology and related terminology that should help research in the ICT domain to understand how this methodology can be applied.
This white paper is intended as the first step in a controversial debate that should take place in the community of FIRE projects (Future Internet Research and Experimentation) and other interested stakeholders. Download PDF